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Toledo Guiding Principles

The Toledo Guiding Principles on Teaching about Religions and Beliefs in Public Schools were written to facilitate teaching about religions and beliefs in order to promote tolerance and understanding. The Principles are meant to assist in the study of diversity. They include chapters on the human rights frameworks and teaching about religions and beliefs, preparing curricula, teacher education and respecting rights throughout the learning process. The Principles were published by the Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR) of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) in 2007. They are a direct result of a meeting of a panel of experts in March 2007 in Toledo, Spain.

The Toledo Guiding Principles were developed by an inter-disciplinary team including members of the ODIHR Advisory Council of Experts on Freedom of Religion or Belief. The team comprised international human rights lawyers (including Professors Silvio Ferrari, Cole Durham and Malcolm Evans) educators (including Barry van Driel and Dr. Ulrike Wolff-Jontofsohn) and academics (including Dr. Jolanta Ambrosewicz-Jacobs, Professor Robert Jackson and Dr. Jeremy Gunn) from a cross section of religious and philosophical backgrounds, and gives close attention to legal issues in relation to freedom of religion or belief and education.

The full text of the Toledo Guiding Principles is available at: